This is a quick reference of Tangent related terms, features and specifications.

A , B, C , D , E , F , G , H , I , J , K , L , M , N , O , P , Q , R , S , T , U , V , W , X , Y , Z, 3
A

A computer's audio ports link the computer's sound hardware with your speakers, microphone, headsets or other audio equipment. There are many possible sources of sound on a computer, including music CDs, online videos and games.

Regardless of the source, all sounds start as digital audio – numbers in a file. Between the source file and the speaker, the audio must be converted to an analog format. Microphones capture an analog audio signal, which is converted to digital. The conversions happen inside or outside the computer, depending on the port type. Higher-end motherboards and computers with discrete audio cards include additional ports for connecting surround-sound speakers or external sound systems Audio interfaces define physical parameters and interpretation of signal.

The color code used by analog audio jacks is the following: Pink: Mic in, Blue: Line in, Green: Front speakers out, Black (or dark blue on some older boards): Rear speakers out, Orange: Center/subwoofer out, Gray: Middle speakers out.

c

The letters "CE" are the abbreviation of French phrase "Conformité Européene" which literally means "European Conformity". CE Marking on a product is a manufacturer's declaration that the product complies with the essential requirements of the relevant European health, safety and environmental protection standards and laws.

The CE marking is also found on products sold outside the EEA that are manufactured in, or designed to be sold in, the EEA. This makes the CE marking recognizable worldwide even to people who are not familiar with the European Economic Area. It is in that sense similar to the FCC Declaration of Conformity used on certain electronic devices sold in the United States.

Celeron is a member of the family of microprocessors from Intel that is based on its P6 architecture. A quad-core processor is a chip with four independent units called cores that read and execute central processing unit (CPU) instructions such as add, move data, and branch.

Within the chip, each core operates in conjunction with other circuits such as cache, memory management, and input/output (I/O) ports. The individual cores in a quad-core processor can run multiple instructions at the same time, increasing the overall speed for programs compatible with parallel processing. The cores are typically integrated onto a single semiconductor wafer.

Quad-core and higher multi-core processor configurations have become common for general-purpose computing, not only for PCs, but also for mobile devices such as smartphones and tablets. (Rugged VA)

The Celeron Ultramobile CPU requires one of the lowest power consumptions amongst mini computers. While their electric input is minimal, their performance is comparable to a desktop CPU. It has a low operating temperature that permits functionality in a fanless configuration. Lower operating temperature translates into longevity and stability. (Rugged Mini FX)

Speed and excellent responsiveness w/ 2nd gen Intel Core technology. The Rugged Mini PC flaunts impressive computing prowess in process control, data acquisition, and other distributed processing operations. The Intel processor on board the rugged mini PC comes complete with quad core technology, a distinguishing factor of this family of processors is the ability to integrate the processor and the memory controller graphics on the same die. It means that the size of the processor is reduced to enable all the parts of the processor to benefit from each other.

Other technical features of the Core i5 2nd Gen processor are the DMI bus that has the capacity of 5GB/s per direction, Direct 10.1, AVX (Advanced Vector Extensions) instruction set, support of full HD streaming, HD video and stereoscopic content for TV viewing, SSE4.2 instruction set, AES-NIS instruction set, Intel EM64T technology, Intel Turbo Boost Technology, Enhanced SpeedStep Technology and Virtualisation.

D

Optional combo data input accessory offers smart card, MSR, and fingerprint reader. A Smart Card Reader is a data input device that reads data from a card-shaped storage medium. It can be contact or non-contact type. A contact type reader requires a physical connection to the cards, made by inserting the card into the reader. This is the most common reader type for applications such as ID and Stored Value. This communication has the advantage of direct coupling to the reader and is considered more secure. The other advantage is speed. This interface enables larger data transport without the overhead of anti-collision and wireless breakdown issues that are a result from the card moving in and out of the reader antenna range. The other type is Contactless readers. This type of reader works with a radio frequency that communicates when the card comes close to the reader. Many contactless readers are designed specifically for Payment, Physical Access Control and Transportation applications.
Magnetic Stripe Reader (MSR) Input is used to acquire data from a "mag-stripe" card such as a credit or debit card. The information stored on the black magnetic strip is transferred to the device when the card is "swiped" through the MSR.
A direct fingerprint reader (DFR), also called a fingerprint scanner or fingerprint reader, is a biometrics device that uses automated methods of recognizing a person based on unique physical characteristics of a person's fingerprint.

A direct fingerprint reader (DFR), also called a fingerprint scanner or fingerprint reader, is a biometrics device that uses automated methods of recognizing a person based on unique physical characteristics of a person's fingerprint.

A Docking Station is a device in which a laptop computer, smartphone, or other mobile device may be placed for charging, providing access to a power supply and to peripheral devices or auxiliary features. A docking station or port replicator or dock provides a simplified way of plugging-in an electronic device. Because a wide range of dockable devices—from mobile telephones to wireless mice—have different connectors, power signaling, and uses, docks are not standardized and are therefore often designed with a specific make and model of a device in mind.

Portable computers can dock and undock hot, cold or standby, depending on the capabilities of the system. In a cold dock or undock, one completely shuts the computer down before docking/ undocking. In a hot dock or undock, the computer remains running when docked/undocked. Standby docking or undocking, an intermediate style used in some designs, allows the computer to be docked/undocked while powered on, but requires that it be placed into a sleep mode prior to docking/undocking.

DVI stands for Digital Visual Interface-Digital. DVI-D cables are used to connect a video signal from computers to LCD monitors, HDTV displays, projectors, and cable boxes. DVI-D cables carry a digital video signal. The interface is designed to transmit uncompressed digital video and can be configured to support multiple modes.

The DVI specification is compatible with the VGA interface. This compatibility, along with other advantages, led to its widespread acceptance over competing digital display standards. Although DVI is predominantly associated with computers, it is sometimes used in other consumer electronics such as television sets and DVD players.

Most DVI connector types – contain pins that pass digital video signals. These come in two varieties: single link and dual link. Single link DVI employs a single 165 MHz transmitter that supports resolutions up to 1920 × 1200 at 60 Hz. Dual link DVI adds six additional pins (located in the center of the connector) for a second transmitter increasing the bandwidth and supporting resolutions up to 2560 × 1600 at 60 Hz. (Rugged VA)

DVI-I is a connectivity feature which carries both an analog and digital signal, can send out a digital signal (for digital displays such as flat panel lcd monitors) as well as analog signal (for older displays such as a crt monitor). DVI-I is one of the most common digital video cables you’ll see on desktops and LCD monitors today. It’s the most similar to VGA connectors, with up to 24 pins. DVI-I can stream up to 1920×1200 HD video and can support up to 2560×1600 pixels with its dual-link connectivity. DVI-I does not support HDCP encryption by default, therefore with additional, HDMI connectivity you can rest assured on your computer connectivity to newer and more modern viewing devices. (Rugged L2)

E

The energy saving mode conserves battery power by limiting CPU performance, reducing screen brightness, turning off the touch key light, and vibration feedback. When your PC is in the power saving mode, it just starts up faster, consumes less power and ultimately runs longer. During power nap, the PC leaves its displays and some other hardware that is not needed to manage the tasks that are executing in order to save energy. (Rugged Q, VA)

Having a system that is easily expandable as well as upgradeable provides a user with a great amount of flexibility. You can easily configure the Rugged C with 4 Serial ports for a total of 9 Serial ports. If you ever get in need of additional connectivity, you can easily obtain it with the help of best quality 4 Gbit LAN or 8 Gbit LAN ports. All the upgradeable or expandable settings of the PC are easy to handle. (Rugged C)

Extreme temperature operation enables computers to withstand indoor or outdoor applications. Outdoor environments include humidity, wind, rain, snow, and direct sunlight. Indoor environments include smoldering heat, condensation, refrigeration, and freezing temperatures. Applications such as oil refineries, factories, and defense require the versatility of changing temperatures. Extreme temperature operation permits for temperature fluctuation yet stable performance. (RUGG 0, RUGG E3, E2. E1, Mini I)

F

Fanless computers are optimal for dusty and dirty environments. Their ventless design requires no internal cleaning and eliminates the risk of clog. With no moving parts and sealed to prevent dust, dirt and fluids; they are highly reliable. Fanless computers utilize leading passive cooling technology and SSD storage providing totally silent operation. Possible applications include sound recording studios, operating rooms, and nurseries. (RUGG 0, RUGG E3, E2, L2, E1, Mini FX)

Federal Communications Commission (FCC) conformity certification mark employed on electronic products manufactured or sold in the United States which certifies that the electromagnetic interference from the device is under limits approved by the Federal Communications Commission.

Radio Frequency (RF) devices are required to be properly authorized prior to being marketed or imported into the United States. The Office of Engineering and Technology (OET) administers the equipment authorization program under the authority delegated to it by the Commission. This program is one of the principal ways the Commission ensures that RF devices used in the United States operate effectively without causing harmful interference and otherwise comply with the Commission’s rules. All RF devices subject to equipment authorization must comply with the Commission’s technical requirements prior to importation or marketing.

Innovative and flexible mounting machines are ideals for any type of workspace. This PC consists of VESA 75/100 mounting, wall mounting brackets and DIN rail mounting. The flexible design and mounting of the PC make it easy to place it at any desired angle that you want. It offers adaptable mounting options, quick setup as well as easy and fine-tuning. This amazing feature is designed to provide unparalleled flexibility and productivity while working. (Rugged Q)

A programmable function key is a single computer keyboard key capable of being programmed to perform a specific task. For example, a key on the keyboard may be programmed to open your e-mail client. Programmable keys are found on keyboards with additional keys or buttons not otherwise found on most keyboards. You can use these buttons to gather your most needed functions into one convenient place. These specialty keyboards require extra software that enables these keys to be programmed. A computer having 10 Programmable Function keys allows operation of 10 distinct tasks with a single push of a finger thereby allowing one-hand operation.

G
H

HDMI or high definition multimedia interface connectivity is essential for high visual quality.. HDMI connectivity permits computers to connect to monitors and deliver imaging and visuals with clarity and precision. Precision optics are optimal for medical applications such as ultrasounds, x-rays or for defense applications when examining locations and maps. HDMI connectivity permits for versatility when connecting your computer to monitors, screens and other visual boards (To view Tangent monitor visit https://www.tangent.com/healthcare/medical-LCD-monitor). HDMI simplifies connections by minimizing the need for various cables. HDMI also contains both video and audio signal and thus eliminates wire clutter, as separate audio cables are unnecessary.

A PC with a high and speedy performance is what everybody seeks for. This Rugged Mini PC provides high quality and best performance without even compromising the quality at any cost. It provides an excellent performance with the help of a speedy and responsive 2nd Generation Intel Core technology. In this highly advanced world, a machine with high performance is the first and foremost priority of users and this Mini PC does not disappoint its users when it comes to performance.

Hot swappable drive bays differ from swappable drive bays in that they can be removed while the computer is operating. This is ideal in applications where computers must continue processing while increasing or adding storage space such as camera DVR systems, mass data collection in server farms. Hot swappable drive bays offer redundant (RAID) storage, uninterrupted performance, high availability services. The removable drive bay feature allows you to remove your hard drive & store it when not in use. This feature also makes compatible hard drives swappable offering customizable usage and enabling offsite data usage. (RUGG E3, E2, FX)

I

The IC card reader is used to read IC cards. IC cards are integrated chip cards that are used to pay money and fares in public transports, shops, restaurants and vending machines etc. These are rechargeable cards i.e. money can be added to the cards according to the requirement and need and is then further used at a number of places. These IC cards are scanned or read by the IC card reader, which would then deduct the money as needed and notifies the user that the money is deducted. If there is no money left on the card the charge will be declined and the user notified. IC card readers save transaction records for record keeping, accounting, and dispute resolution.

The VITA KW holds a metal enclosure that offers rugged housing for the best and high-quality use in harsh environments. They are designed in a way that they can be used 24/7 even in extreme conditions. The durable, reliable, and long-lasting structure make VITA KW best for serving its users for a quite long period of time. This expandable, customizable and noise free machine offers speedy solutions within an affordable range of price.

An Industrial Panel PC is an All-in-One computer with an integrated operator panel. It is optimally designed for visualization tasks directly on the machine or in the plant. Industrial Panel PCs are constructed with robust industrial-grade fanless computers, integrated with a flat panel touch-screen display.

The entire system is enclosed in a casing, so that the internal components are protected from particle intake while dissipating heat efficiently. It is resistant to heat and aging and is able to withstand non-stop use for years on end.

It a perfect fit in many industries such as automation, manufacturing, surveillance, medical, transportation, as well as the food & beverage industries. It can be placed on kiosks, walls, vehicles, movable carts, or integrated into workstations in dirty, dusty working conditions. These PCs will perform efficiently regardless of exposure to water, dust, oil, temperature, and vibration.

Computers are based on the fundamental idea that every input results in an output. For example, if you are running a word processor program and type a sentence on your keyboard, the text will appear on the screen. The keyboard is an input device and the screen is an output device. You might also print the text using a printer, which is another output device. The computer's CPU handles all the I/O operations, sending the data it receives to the correct path.

Input/output or I/O is the communication between the computer and the outside world, possibly a human or another device. Inputs are the signals or data received by the system and outputs are the signals or data sent from it. I/O port is the connection point that acts as interface between the computer and external devices.

Examples of input devices include keyboards, mouse, scanners, digital cameras and joysticks, while examples of output devices are monitor, printer, plotter, projector, speaker, headphones, lights/LEDs etc.

Intel’s 4th Generation Core i family of processors composed of i3, i5, i7 deliver Desktop, Mobile, and Embedded products with maximum performance per watt. Also referred to as “Haswell,” Haswell Architecture is based on a 22nm process and utilizes FinFET technology translating into lowered power consumption and leakage. The 4th Generation Core i processors utilize lower power consumption when idle creating a 20x improvement from the previous generation. Thanks to Intel Rapid Start they have a 3 second wake up time. For embedded application, the processors are available as low as 35W Thermal Design Power. This line up of processors offer a clock speed up to 3.9GHz when utilizing Intel Turbo mode for desktop application. Haswell New Instructions include Advanced Vector Extensions 2, gather, BMI1, BMI2, and FMA3 support.

The IP Code, International Protection Marking, IEC standard 60529, sometimes interpreted as Ingress Protection Marking, classifies and rates the degree of protection provided against intrusion, dust, accidental contact, and water by mechanical casings and electrical enclosures. The standard aims to provide users more detailed information than vague marketing terms such as waterproof.

The first digit indicates the level of protection that the enclosure provides against access to hazardous parts (e.g., electrical conductors, moving parts) and the ingress of solid foreign objects. The number 5 means it is dust protected, which means that ingress of dust is prevented to the extent that it must not enter in sufficient quantity to interfere with the satisfactory operation of the equipment.

The second number of the IP rating system refers to protection against liquids. The number 4 means it is protected against splashing of water. Water splashing against the enclosure from any direction shall have no harmful effect.

If PC is rated as IP54, then it is reasonably protected from dust and capable of withstanding splashing of water against the enclosure.

The IP Code, International Protection Marking, IEC standard 60529, sometimes interpreted as Ingress Protection Marking, classifies and rates the degree of protection provided against intrusion, dust, accidental contact, and water by mechanical casings and electrical enclosures. The standard aims to provide users more detailed information than vague marketing terms such as waterproof. The first digit indicates the level of protection that the enclosure provides against access to hazardous parts (e.g., electrical conductors, moving parts) and the ingress of solid foreign objects. The number 6 means it is for total protection against dust.
The second number of the IP rating system refers to protection against liquids. The number 4 means it is protected against splashing of water. Water splashing against the enclosure from any direction shall have no harmful effect.
If a PC is rated as IP64, then it is fully protected from dust and capable of withstanding splashing of water against the enclosure.

VITA KW is IP65 rated and its front panel offers an excellent dust and water resistance. The IP65 rating makes VITA KW best for using in any kind of rough and tough environment without any risk or fear of being damaged by water emersion or dust. It helps the device against heavy seas or powerful jets of water. This industrial and professional standard that is incorporated in this Panel Pc makes users tension free if their device ever suffers a water or dust attack

The IP Code, International Protection Marking, IEC standard 60529, sometimes interpreted as Ingress Protection Marking, classifies and rates the degree of protection provided against intrusion, dust, accidental contact, and water by mechanical casings and electrical enclosures. The standard aims to provide users more detailed information than vague marketing terms such as waterproof.

The first digit indicates the level of protection that the enclosure provides against access to hazardous parts (e.g., electrical conductors, moving parts) and the ingress of solid foreign objects. The number 6 means it is for total protection against dust.
The second number of the IP rating system refers to protection against liquids. The number 6 means it is protected against water projected in powerful jets against the enclosure from any direction without any harmful effects. Water volume: 100 L per minute at a pressure: 100 kPa at distance of 3 m for up to 3 minutes.
If a PC is rated as IP66, then it is fully protected from dust and capable of withstanding powerful water jets from any direction.

The IP Code, International Protection Marking, IEC standard 60529, sometimes interpreted as Ingress Protection Marking, classifies and rates the degree of protection provided against intrusion, dust, accidental contact, and water by mechanical casings and electrical enclosures. The standard aims to provide users more detailed information than vague marketing terms such as waterproof.

The first digit indicates the level of protection that the enclosure provides against access to hazardous parts (e.g., electrical conductors, moving parts) and the ingress of solid foreign objects. The number 6 means it is for total protection against dust.
The second number of the IP rating system refers to protection against liquids. The number 7 means it is protected against ingress of water when the enclosure is immersed in water under defined conditions of pressure and time – up to 1 m submersion for 30 minutes.
If a PC is rated as IP67, then it is fully protected from dust and capable of withstanding water immersion of 1 meter for 30 minutes.

IP 69 are fully dust and waterproof. There are no gaps or joints between the stainless-steel housings. These computers are ideal for applications where equipment needs to be regularly washed down and sanitized.

The IP69K ingress protection rating indicates that the computers can be sprayed with high pressure and high temperature water jets and will still remain operable and reliable. The PCs are able to sustain water temperatures up to 80°C (176°F) and a water jet operating at 99.97 bar (1450 psi). Whether you’re dealing with dust, water, or harsh cleaning chemicals, the IP69K computers can survive it all. (RUGG 0)

L

The innovative, stylish and lightweight design of the PC makes it easy for its users to it carry around in their workspace without even feeling the extra burden. PCs that are light in weight are gaining immense importance in this modern age and that is why the Rugged Q us designed by keeping in mind all the technical and flexible requirements of the users in order to ensure great satisfaction and remarkable response. (Rugged Q, Rugged L1)

Lumens is basically the SI derived unit of Luminous Flux. Luminous Flux is defined as the measure of the total quantity of visible light which is emitted by a source. This flux differs from that of power or radiant flux which include all the electromagnetic waves that are emitted by a source. Luminous flux is actually weighted at the base of the luminosity function of the sensitivity of the human’s eye on different wavelengths. Lumens is associated with lux. Lux is one lumen per square meter. The brightness or luminosity function of digital technology is based on the total amount of light which is projected in lumens that a human eye can bear safely. It is important to carefully structure the lumen power in digital products to avoid severe damage to the eyesight of the user. All of our products have a carefully selected lumen power and are safe to use.

The luminosity of an object is a measure of its intrinsic brightness and is defined as the amount of energy the object emits in a fixed time. It is essentially the power output of the object and, as such, it can be measured in units such as Watts.
Luminosity is a basic indicator of how bright the product screen is. The luminosity of a screen is a variable that considers important factors such as preventing damage to the eyes of users and achieving optimal brightness. Luminosity is invariant in geometric optics which means that the luminance at the output is the same as it is at the input. For real, passive and optical systems like the ones we use for our technology, the output luminance is at most equal to the input. Tangent products provide exceptional luminosity.

M

Magnetic Stripe Reader (MSR) Input is used to acquire data from a "mag-stripe" card such as a credit or debit card. The information stored on the black magnetic strip is transferred to the device when the card is "swiped" through the MSR.

UL60601-1 the harmonized standard for medical electrical equipment recognized by public health authorities. In addition to basic safety requirements, being UL60601-1 standard compliant ensures essential performance and usability.

Magnetic Stripe Reader (MSR) Input is used to acquire data from a "mag-stripe" card such as a credit or debit card. The information stored on the black magnetic strip is transferred to the device when the card is "swiped" through the MSR.

In order to ensure efficient use of this PC, the feature of multi-connectivity has been specially added for the users. A user can connect multiple devices when needed without facing any delay in the work because of connectivity issues. There are multiple connections or ports available where you can easily connect Ethernet cables and can enjoy the best use of the machine. Multiple connectivities offer an affordable solution for connecting many devices to your PC without bearing any extra cost.

N

The luminous intensity of light per unit area that is traveling in a given direction is usually measured by a photometric attribute called luminance. An SI unit of luminance is known as a candela per square meter (cd/m2). A nit is a non-SI unit of measure term that used to more easily describe the measurement. One nit is equal to one candela per square meter (cd/m2).. Typically, a computer screen emits between 50 to 300 cd/m2. A nit describes the amount of light that is reflected, emitted or passed through a particular area while falling within a given solid angle. We measure the luminance of our provided products in nits in order to make it easy for users to understand.

A noisy fan of a PC causes a lot of discomfort and irritation while working. The noise-free feature of Rugged Mini PC makes you feel the pleasure of using a PC in a calm and composed environment. It guarantees extreme reliability with the help of its fanless design and noise-free operation. This no fan feature enables you to have a machine without any vibration. You can easily enjoy your work on PC with this noiseless computer from boot-up to shut down. Thanks to top of the line fanless enclosures, and modern processors, noise free operation is now possible. Working in silence takes on a whole new meaning.

O

The Remote Management Module of this PC provides IPMI 2.0 compliant support. This feature helps in reducing IT cost with the most reliable and best quality remote access tool. The remote management also ensures monitor hardware operation which can be used to autonomously reset the machine from a remote location. The complete fast and secure remote management of the PC makes it one of the best-rated machines in the modern world. (Rugged Tank)

Computers are based on the fundamental idea that every input results in an output. For example, if you are running a word processor program and type a sentence on your keyboard, the text will appear on the screen. The keyboard is an input device and the screen is an output device. You might also print the text using a printer, which is another output device. The computer's CPU handles all the I/O operations, sending the data it receives to the correct path.

Input/output or I/O is the communication between the computer and the outside world, possibly a human or another device. Inputs are the signals or data received by the system and outputs are the signals or data sent from it. I/O port is the connection point that acts as interface between the computer and external devices.

Examples of input devices include keyboards, mouse, scanners, digital cameras and joysticks, while examples of output devices are monitor, printer, plotter, projector, speaker, headphones, lights/LEDs etc.

P

A PCAP multi-touch screen is the Projected Capacitive touch screen, also known as PCT. The PCAP allows the user to handle multi-touch on the screens. It works by using a conductive grid, which recognizes the change in the electromagnetic field through the touch of fingers. The conductive grid then creates the electrostatic field, which is responsible for producing the grid pattern using electrodes. When the finger or stylus touches the screen, it interferes with the electric field that is already present, and with this interference, the movement is detected. The multiple touch functionality of the PCAP provides support for up to 16 touches. The multiple touch gestures that it identifies include flick, pinch, expand, click, tap and rotate. A PCAP multi-touch screen has enhanced and advanced sensitivity able to identify input with a finger, stylus, and even gloved finger. PCAP is available on small to large sized screens.

A Point of Sale system typically includes a cash register, a computer, monitor, cash drawer, receipt printer, customer display and a barcode scanner. A majority of retail POS systems also include a debit/credit card reader.

At the point of sale, the merchant calculates the amount owed by the customer, indicates that amount, may prepare an invoice for the customer and indicates the options for the customer to make payment. It is also the point at which a customer makes a payment to the merchant in exchange for goods or after provision of a service. After receiving payment, the merchant may issue a receipt for the transaction, which is usually printed.
POS terminal software may also include features for additional functionality, such as Inventory Management, Customer Relationship Management (CRM), financials, and warehousing.

A Point of Sale system typically includes a cash register, a computer, monitor, cash drawer, receipt printer, customer display and a barcode scanner. A majority of retail POS systems also include a debit/credit card reader.

At the point of sale, the merchant calculates the amount owed by the customer, indicates that amount, may prepare an invoice for the customer and indicates the options for the customer to make payment. It is also the point at which a customer makes a payment to the merchant in exchange for goods or after provision of a service. After receiving payment, the merchant may issue a receipt for the transaction, which is usually printed.
POS terminal software may also include features for additional functionality, such as Inventory Management, Customer Relationship Management (CRM), financials, and warehousing.

The device offers various power saving modes that are great for extending battery life. The power saving feature is ultra-efficient and works without even compromising performance. Everyone wants to use PC for as long as possible without having to sit next to a wall outlet and the power savings of this mini PC make it possible in reality. Normally, it helps in having more standby time and longer performance of the PC when in use.

PS/2 stands for Personal System/2. It is a female 6-pin port standard that connects to the male mini-DIN cable. PS/2 was introduced by IBM to connect mouse and keyboard to personal computers. The PS/2 designs on keyboard and mouse interfaces are electrically similar and employ the same communication protocol. PS/2 mouse and keyboard connectors have also been used in non-IBM PC-compatible computer systems,

This port is not commonly used now, though some systems compatible with IBM may have this port. However, PS/2 ports continue to be included on many computer motherboards, and are favored by some users, for various reasons. PS/2 ports may also be favored for security reasons in secure environments as they allow USB ports to be totally disabled, preventing the connection of any USB removable disks and malicious USB devices.

The PS/2 interface also has much lower latencies for keyboards due to the interrupt-driven manner PS/2 keyboards communicate with the computer by default compared to the polled nature of USB keyboards where the USB controller hardware polls USB keyboards, which can be important in some real-time applications.

R

The Redundant Array of Independent Disks (RAID) support ensures the continuous functionality of the PC even if one drive goes down. This feature includes a way to pair multiple drives together in order to improve performance, redundancy or both. The RAID Controllers used in this Rugged Mini PC offer true hardware with dedicated storage processors and storage memory. It provides protection against unrecoverable sector read errors as well as against failures of whole physical drives.

The removable drive bay feature allows you to remove your hard drive & store it when not in use. This is ideal for data security. This feature also makes compatible hard drives swappable offering customizable usage and enabling offsite data usage. (RUGG E3)

Enhance data security with removable hard drive. Remove sensitive data stored on the hard drive when the unit is not in use.

A registered jack (RJ) is a standardized physical network interface for connecting telecommunications or data equipment. An 8-pin/8-position plug or jack is commonly used to connect computers onto Ethernet-based local area networks (LAN).

Registered Jack 45 (RJ45) is a standard type of physical connector for network cables. RJ45 connectors are most commonly seen with Ethernet cables and networks.

RJ45 plugs feature eight pins to which the wire strands of a cable interface electrically. Each plug has eight locations spaced about 1 mm apart into which individual wires are inserted using special cable crimping tools. The industry calls this type of connector 8P8C, shorthand for Eight Position, Eight Contact.

A rugged computer is a computer specifically designed to operate reliably and efficiently in harsh usage environments and conditions, such as strong vibrations, extreme temperatures, and oily, wet or dusty conditions. They are designed from inception for the type of rough use typified by these conditions, not just in the external housing but in the internal components and cooling arrangements as well. In general, ruggedized and hardened computers share the same design robustness and frequently these terms are interchangeable. Rugged computers are engineered to operate in the face of multiple challenges including shock and vibration, temperature and humidity, corrosion and abrasion, acoustic noise reduction, low pressure/ altitude, water immersion and electromagnetic interference.

S

Serial ports transmit data sequentially one bit at a time. So they need only one wire to transmit 8 bits. The name "serial" comes from the fact that a serial port "serializes" data. That is, it takes a byte of data and transmits the 8 bits in the byte one at a time. The advantage is that a serial port needs only one wire to transmit the 8 bits (while a parallel port needs 8). The disadvantage is that it takes 8 times longer to transmit the data than it would if there were 8 wires. Serial ports lower cable costs and make cables smaller.

Serial ports are usually 9-pin or 25-pin male connectors. They are also known as COM (communication) ports or RS323C ports. Serial ports are used to connect the following: External modems, Serial mouse or pointing devices such as trackballs or touchpads, Plotters, Label printers, Serial printers, PDA docking stations, Digital cameras, PC-to-PC connections used by file transfer programs.

Our Rugged Mini PCs ensure seamless functionality under shock and vibration. They operate consistently in spite of external movement and hostility. Applications include supply chains, factories, mills and oil refineries. Shock and vibration proof computers are ideal for in-vehicle applications whether on ground, airborne or waterborne. (RUGG 0)

Smart Card Reader is a data input device that reads data from a card-shaped storage medium. It can be contact or non-contact type. A contact type reader requires a physical connection to the cards, made by inserting the card into the reader. This is the most common reader type for applications such as ID and Stored Value. This communication has the advantage of direct coupling to the reader and is considered more secure. The other advantage is speed. This interface enables larger data transport without the overhead of anti-collision and wireless breakdown issues that are a result from the card moving in and out of the reader antenna range. The other type is Contactless readers. This type of reader works with a radio frequency that communicates when the card comes close to the reader. Many contactless readers are designed specifically for Payment, Physical Access Control and Transportation applications.

Stainless steel chassis provides strength, corrosion resistance and water resistance. A stainless steel enclosure is ideal for indoor or outdoor application.

T

Private / confidential data is protected with the Trusted Platform Module (TPM), which is an international standard for a secure cryptoprocessor. A CRYPTPOCESSOR is a dedicated microcontroller designed to secure hardware by integrating cryptographic keys into devices. This is an important feature in computers where data protection is imperative. The TPM 1.2 feature safeguards device identification, authentication, encryption, measurement, and device integrity. TMP 1.2 Support is invaluable in applications for medical facilities for secure patient information and records, defense, prevention in cheating on online gaming, digital rights management, legal facilities, and protection of software licensing.

The PC also contains Triple Display Support that includes supporting three monitors at one time in order to provide all the necessary flexibility to the user while working. The three monitor display support at one time is designed to fulfill the desire of increased efficiency and productivity on the users. High-quality display and graphics features are ensured while tripling the support of the monitors. This access to triple-display has made it easy for everyone to perform their tasks with ease. (Rugged I)

A true flat front panel provides a very wide display. The color display from the flat front is very detailed and provides focus even on little details. The high color resolution shows the image with original colors, presenting the image at its original state. A true flat front screen also has multiple I/O ports, including the USB ports, DVI-D and display port. The ports provide versatility for the user to connect multiple external devices.

U

The Ultra Mini Form Factor feature of the PC holds the dimension or weight of 4.57" x 4.33" x 1.93", 1.53 lb. This form factor enables the PC to perform and support all the functions that a modern machine is equipped with by occupying a very minimal space. It promotes a handy and easy to use the machine that can be easily the handled by the end users. This stylish and compact ultra mini form factor is a complete solution for minicomputers when it comes to space. (Rugged Q)

USB stands for Universal Serial Bus. It is the industry standard for short distance digital data connection. USB port is a standardized port to connect a variety of devices like printer, camera, keyboard, speaker, etc. USB 2.0 is a standard, released in April 2000. USB 2.0 is often referred to as Hi-Speed USB. Devices that adhere to the USB 2.0 standard have the ability to transmit data at a maximum speed of 480 Mbps. This is faster than the older USB 1.1 standard but much slower than the newer USB 3.0 standard.

USB stands for Universal Serial Bus. It is the industry standard for short distance digital data connection. USB port is a standardized port to connect a variety of devices like printer, camera, keyboard, speaker, etc. USB 3.0 is the third major version of the Universal Serial Bus (USB) standard for interfacing computers and electronic devices. Among other improvements, USB 3.0 adds the new transfer rate referred to as SuperSpeed USB (SS) that can transfer data at up to 5 Gbit/s (625 MB/s), which is about ten times as fast as the original USB version.

V

The Rugged C1 is powered by Intel Core i5 with vPro Technology that can be remotely managed, diagnosed and updated. The PC meets the need of the users and the business by combining a high-quality computing experience with hardware-enhanced security, flexible management, and improved stability all because of the amazing vPro technology. You can enjoy all the perks of a modern computer within this PC with the help of this performance-driven technology. (Rugged Q1)

The value performance of a PC matters a lot while working as a professional. This PC ensures responsive, quick, and speedy performance with the help of its super-fast processors and other latest technology. You can also check the statistics of the entire performance of your PC during a week or month by diving into the settings. The PC holds a remarkable clock speed and guarantees the best performance no matter what amount of tabs are open. (Rugged VA)

VESA mount is a family of standards defined by the Video Electronics Standards Association for mounting flat panel monitors, TVs, and other displays to stands or wall mounts. The VESA mounting compatibility feature enables easy computer installation and placement on various brackets, monitors, wall mounts, and stands. (For a complete list of Tangent options, refer to the following sites: https://www.tangent.com/healthcare/medical-carts
https://www.tangent.com/healthcare/arm-mounts). Tangent Rugged Mini PCs require various mounting applications, such as, in-vehicle, overhead, horizontal or vertical placement and the VESA mounting feature ensures the ease of placement.

VGA is an acronym for Video Graphics Array. This is a 15-pin, D-subminiature style port usually located on the back or side of a laptop computer or the back of a desktop system. Users employ VGA ports to transfer analog video signals from one device such as monitor or a LCD display using VGA cables.

The arrangement of the 15 pins on the VGA port is in three groups of five pins, lined up horizontally. The port is the "female" version of the pair, meaning it appears as a series of holes, while the cable is the "male" version with the appropriate pins.

VGA ports first appeared in 1987 and are analog components capable of carrying red, green, blue, horizontal sync, and vertical sync (RGBHV) video signals.

W

A watchdog timer keeps account of all the processes the computer is running and checks whether the computer is operating correctly or not. The watchdog timer is an electronic timer, also known as computer operating properly (COP) timer. The main function of the watchdog timer is to detect any sort of malfunction during the processes and recover the computer from it. During a normal process, the computer resets the watchdog timer regularly. If there is any sort of malfunctioning and the computer does not reset than the timer would produce a timeout signal, indicating any sort of malfunctioning. During this “timeout” the computer would be in a secure state, until the malfunction is remedied. The presence of a watchdog timer prevents severe damage from occurring. Watchdog timers are commonly found in embedded systems and other computer-controlled equipment where humans cannot easily access the equipment or would be unable to react to faults in a timely manner. In such systems, the computer cannot depend on a human to invoke a reboot if it hangs; it must be self-reliant.

Designed for applications where input power flexibility is a must. Wide voltage range offers good stability and reliability for industrial needs. They are high efficiency and protect from over voltage and over current. Applications include industrial automation, outdoor kiosks, heavy-duty vehicles, marine and defense. (RUGG 0, E2, E1)

Panel PCs come in a broad range of sizes and shapes. VITA KW offers a commendable widescreen having dimensions of 15", 19", 22", or 24". The widescreen provides a flexible space to the users to perform their tasks with ease and simplicity. Tasks related to editing, freehand drawing, and other graphics applications become are easier to manage with the help of a widescreen. The design of VITA KW prefers the ease at user’s end.

3

A magnetic card has a magnetic stripe on the back side which is composed of iron-based magnetic particles encased in plastic-like tape. This stripe is capable of storing data by modifying the magnetism of tiny iron-based magnetic particles on a band of magnetic material on the card.

There can be up to 3 tracks of data on this magnetic stripe. Each track is 0.11 in wide. Track 1 can store 76 alphanumeric character data. Track 2 can store up to 37 numeric characters data and Track 3 can store up to 104 numeric character data. A magnetic card reader that is capable is reading and deciphering all 3 tracks of a magnetic card stripes is called a 3-Track Magnetic Strip Reader (MSR)

Intel’s 3rd Generation Core i5 processor, is a successor of the Core i3 processor.. It enables efficient multi functioning by facilitating the user to work at a much greater speed. This series of processors are built on Intel’s 22 nanometer, trigate manufacturing process. It has 1.4 billion transistors on a 160mm2 die area. The processor delivers stunning graphic performance thanks to the Intel HD 4000 graphics processing unit. The processor has the turbo boost technology but hyper threading technology is missing from the processor. It also has 6 MB L3 cache which is also known as Intel Smart Cache. Features and benefits include:

VT-x: This is a set of new instructions that helps to improve the software performance for the floating point applications like audio codecs, audio processing and video and images editing applications. AES Instruction (AES-NII): It speeds up the AES applications and adds hardware acceleration to AES algorithms. Integrated memory controller: The integrated memory controller delivers superb memory read/write performance efficient lower latency, prefetching algorithms and higher memory bandwidth.

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